What makes something “real”? It is usually difficult to locate the moment when myth turns into popular history, but there can remain no doubt of its existence when someone turns up at a national museum and asks to see St. Paul’s anchor, the one supposedly left behind in the depths after his ship sank in Mediterranean waters in 60 AD. Perhaps it is not really import- ant to know whether the beautiful Calypso really inhabited a cave overlooking picturesque Ramla Bay in Gozo when she can now lend her name to various commercial firms, attracting British, French, Italian, and other tourists to the island instead of the hero Odysseus. Nor does it matter if the Knights’ long escape tunnel really existed (or still exists), or if the reserve collection at the Museum of Archaeology indeed houses the long-headed skulls that some enthusiasts ascribe to alien races. And will the Maltese ever learn the facts behind the accounts held by local politicians in Panama? How does belief turn into knowledge?